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The Open-Closed Principle in React

Posted on:July 13, 2023

This principle is not only relevant in traditional object-oriented programming but can also be effectively applied in modern frontend frameworks like React. React’s component-based architecture allows developers to design reusable and extensible UI components. In this article, we’ll explore how the Open-Closed Principle can be implemented in React components with a practical example.

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Understanding the Open-Closed Principle in React

In React, components serve as the building blocks of user interfaces. To apply the Open-Closed Principle, we need to create components that can be extended without modifying their source code. Let’s take a practical example of a Button component.

// Button.tsx

interface ButtonProps {
  icon: React.ReactNode;

const Button: React.FC<ButtonProps> = ({ icon }) => {
  return (

In this example, the Button component receives an icon prop, which is a React node representing the icon to be displayed on the button. This approach adheres to the Open-Closed Principle, as the Button component remains closed for modification while being open for extension through the icon prop.

Extending Button Functionality

// GoBackButton.tsx

import React from 'react';
import { Button } from './Button';

const GoBackButton: React.FC = () => {
  const goBackIcon = <i className="fas fa-arrow-left"></i>;

  return <Button icon={goBackIcon} />;
// GoHomeButton.tsx

import React from 'react';
import { Button } from './Button';

const GoHomeButton: React.FC = () => {
  const goHomeIcon = <i className="fas fa-home"></i>;

  return <Button icon={goHomeIcon} />;

In these examples, we’ve created two new components, GoBackButton and GoHomeButton, each specifying a different icon for the button. Importantly, the source code of the original Button component remains unchanged.

Benefits of the Open-Closed Principle in React

Applying the Open-Closed Principle in React components offers several advantages:


In conclusion, the Open-Closed Principle is a valuable guideline when developing React applications. By designing components that are open for extension and closed for modification, developers can create flexible, maintainable, and scalable UIs. Embracing this principle contributes to the overall robustness and longevity of React applications.