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Understanding Dependency Inversion Principle in React

Posted on:July 21, 2023

When it comes to building robust and maintainable React applications, adhering to design principles is crucial. In this article, we’ll delve into the Dependency Inversion Principle (DIP), the last principle we’ll explore in this series. DIP emphasizes that entities should depend upon abstractions, not concretions. This principle plays a pivotal role in making React components more modular, reusable, and adaptable.

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Understanding Dependency Inversion

Dependency Inversion is about structuring your code in a way that high-level modules are not dependent on low-level modules. Instead, both should depend on abstractions. In the context of React, this means designing components so that they rely on abstracted interfaces rather than concrete implementations.

Consider a scenario where you have a simple sign-in form in your application. The form takes an email, password, and a submit action. The initial implementation might look like this:

import React, { useState } from "react";

const SignInForm = () => {
  const [email, setEmail] = useState("");
  const [password, setPassword] = useState("");

  const handleSubmit = event => {
    // Logic for handling form submission

  return (
    <form onSubmit={handleSubmit}>
        onChange={e => setEmail(}

        onChange={e => setPassword(}

      <button type="submit">Sign In</button>

This form is functional, but what if you need to reuse it with different submit actions or endpoints? Modifying the handleSubmit function inside the component could lead to unforeseen issues, especially in collaborative projects.

Implementing Dependency Inversion

To adhere to the Dependency Inversion Principle, we can introduce a level of abstraction by creating a higher-order function for handling the form submission. This function will be passed to the component as a prop.

import React from "react";

const ConnectedForm = ({ onSubmit }) => {
  const handleSubmit = (event, email, password) => {
    // Pass control to the provided onSubmit function
    onSubmit(email, password);

  return <form onSubmit={e => handleSubmit(e)}>{/* Form input fields */}</form>;

export default ConnectedForm;

Now, we can use ConnectedForm in our application and provide the specific onSubmit logic as needed. This promotes a cleaner separation of concerns and allows for greater flexibility.

import React from "react";
import ConnectedForm from "./ConnectedForm";

const App = () => {
  const handleLoginSubmit = (email, password) => {
    // Logic for handling login submission

  const handleRegistrationSubmit = (email, password) => {
    // Logic for handling registration submission

  return (
      <ConnectedForm onSubmit={handleLoginSubmit} />
      {/* Other components */}
      <ConnectedForm onSubmit={handleRegistrationSubmit} />
      {/* More components */}

export default App;


By adopting Dependency Inversion, we can reuse components more effectively, minimize code duplication, and create a more adaptable codebase. This principle, combined with other React design principles, contributes to building scalable and maintainable applications.