Skip to content

Understanding Redux

Posted on:July 20, 2023

Redux is a state management pattern and library designed to assist developers in implementing complex state management requirements at scale. It was created by Dan Abramov and Andrew Clark at Facebook and has become one of the most loved and, at times, polarizing libraries in the React ecosystem.

Table of contents

Open Table of contents

The Core Concepts of Redux

At the heart of Redux is a reliance on a single immutable object to store the entire application state. This object functions like a client-side database, containing all the information needed to represent the current state of the application. Changing this state involves dispatching actions, which act like events, carrying a payload of data to be modified.

The immutability of the store is a crucial aspect of Redux. When a state change is needed, an action triggers a reducer function. This function takes the current state and the action payload, returning an entirely new object representing the updated application state. This one-way data flow ensures predictability and testability in the application.

// Define an action
const incrementCounter = amount => {
  return {
    type: "INCREMENT",
    payload: amount,

// Reducer function
const counterReducer = (state = 0, action) => {
  switch (action.type) {
    case "INCREMENT":
      return state + action.payload;
      return state;

// Create the Redux store
const { createStore } = Redux;
const store = createStore(counterReducer);

// Dispatch an action

// Access the current state
console.log(store.getState()); // Output: 5

Redux in Action: A Quick Demo

To get started with Redux, one needs to set up a React app and integrate the Redux toolkit. The toolkit simplifies the process, reducing boilerplate code, and provides additional development tools for debugging.

  1. Configure the Global Store: Use configureStore to set up the global store object, registering any reducers defined elsewhere in the code.
// Configure the store
const store = configureStore({
  reducer: {
    counter: counterSlice.reducer,
  1. Provider for Global Accessibility: Implement the Provider to make the store data accessible to the entire component tree.
// Wrap the app with the Redux Provider
const App = () => {
  return (
    <Provider store={store}>
      <CounterComponent />
  1. Create Slices for Data Representation: Develop slices to represent specific data in the store. Each slice has a unique name, initial state, and a collection of reducers defining the logic to change the state.
// Redux Toolkit
import { configureStore, createSlice } from "@reduxjs/toolkit";
import { Provider, useDispatch, useSelector } from "react-redux";

// Create a slice
const counterSlice = createSlice({
  name: "counter",
  initialState: 0,
  reducers: {
    increment: (state, action) => state + action.payload,
  1. Connecting to Components and Dispatching Actions: Export the automatically generated actions from the slices and use them in UI components. The beauty of Redux lies in the ability to access data anywhere in the application without context or prop drilling. To modify application data, dispatch actions to the store using the useDispatch hook. This hook sends an action name and data payload in response to browser events like button clicks.
// React Component
const CounterComponent = () => {
  const dispatch = useDispatch();
  const counter = useSelector(state => state.counter);

  return (
      <p>Counter: {counter}</p>
      <button onClick={() => dispatch(counterSlice.actions.increment(1))}>
  1. DevTools for Debugging: Redux provides powerful dev tools, allowing developers to inspect and debug the entire timeline of actions and state changes in the application.

Trade-Offs: The Cost of Power

While Redux offers a powerful and predictable state management solution, it comes with a cost – additional boilerplate code. This can potentially add complexity to smaller projects, making it essential to evaluate whether the benefits outweigh the drawbacks for a given use case.


In conclusion, Redux provides a robust solution for state management in React applications. Its one-way data flow, immutability, and powerful dev tools make it a valuable choice for large-scale projects where complex state management is a necessity. However, developers should carefully weigh the trade-offs and consider alternative solutions for smaller projects with simpler state management requirements.